Pattern, what does it mean? Place, set or fix? Technically speaking, the pattern provides a way to position the lights to provide the light needed to serve our purpose. The pattern includes the material on which they must be fixed at a certain height.

The pattern depends entirely on our need and the available economy. We will mention the light patterns relevant to our domestic needs where we all spend most of our life time.


In the bathroom, we first have to determine the environment and the temperature. The places where a bath is taken or a sink is placed face humidity due to hot water, similar to the sprinklers of different types and the use of sinks and glass walls. Spots near sink areas can have two 4-inch-diameter lights for full illumination, as intricate facial makeovers need to be prominent in the mirror and glare cut. Bright lights are not required where shower stalls, bathtubs are involved, only 3 inch diameter 3 lights spaced 3 feet apart are sufficient with a controlled dimmer. They can even be placed as flush against the wall, centering on the wall to create a shadow effect.


The most ideal is the effect of shadow or flush wall. Focusing a wide spread on the walls. The light is placed on a vertical surface. A 4 inch diameter lights with a total 4 foot spacing 6 in number with 2 on each wall is enough for a 13 x 18 foot room with a 10 foot ceiling height. The light must be sufficient for visibility. You can light all or just 2 on any wall.

Living room, stairs, corridors:

After a hectic routine, one feels relaxed while watching television or listening to soft music. Therefore, the living room should also be illuminated with Wall rasing, but in certain places the accent technique can be used simply to highlight the wall hangings. A secondary stepped ceiling can be used, with fixed lights on the main ceiling, luminaire not visible from the outside, but one light falls and spreads gently but variably on the ceiling. Similarly, the secondary ceiling may have only 4-inch halogen lights but focused away from the sofa toward the floor at an angle. Hallways and stairwells can have decorative lights for sculptures and paintings, while main ceiling lights should have 15W fluorescents for longer run hours and economy.

Dining rooms, Kitchen:

Dining rooms should have direct lighting, such as shining directly onto the top of a surface, such as a table. The dining room can have four 4-inch diameter lights arranged in a box on the table, or 12V halogen, each focused on each plate or user area. The number of chairs, the same number will be the lights. The kitchen should be well lit. It is a combination of functions and activities. Halogens or LEDs can be placed under wall cabinets centering on the top of the cabinet for easy handling of dinnerware and other items. Similarly, the main lights should be lights at least 3.6 inches in diameter with 35W fluorescent bulbs each arranged in an equilateral triangle.

Spot lights, mostly halogen, can be placed under the top of the oven hood along with the vent. The places where there is more use and more light is required, preference should be given to fluorescents.